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The full form of PING is Packet Internet Groper . It is a utility ( Command Line Utility ) or a small application/Software which is available in almost every operating system. The main job of this utility is to check network devices reach-ability on an Internet Protocol (IP) network.
According to many technical experts the name PING comes from SONAR terminology . As we know in SONAR , a PING is an audible sound wave sent out to find an object. As soon as sound touch the object , it will be reflect or echo and back to the main source. And then the distance and location of the object can be find by measuring the time & direction of the returning sound wave.
Similarly PING Command work in Computer or in Network devices. Here as soon as we ping a computer or network devices , then the ping sends an echo request to that remote device. And thus as soon as the remote computer receive the request , it acknowledges . The remote host send back echo reply.
The distance (Number of Hopes) to the remote system can be determine from the replay , as well as the conditions in – between (packet loss and time respond ).
History Of PING :-
The PING utility was written and develop by Mike Muuss (October 16, 1958 – November 20, 2000). He was an American author & It was written in 1983 approx . He is graduated from Johns Hopkins University. Muuss was a senior scientist specializing in geometric solid modeling, ray-tracing, MIMD architectures and digital computer networks.
How PING Command Works ?
- whether a remote host or device is active or inactive.
- The round trip delay in communicating with the host device & packet loss.
Why PING command ?
Big Uses Of PING Utility :-
Discovery :- If you want to discover any device in your network then use PING command.
Monitoring :- If you want to continues monitor any network device then keep.
How to Use PING Command ?
if you want to check any network device live status then ping it . for ping we need host address or IP address. For PING just –
- open CMD command
- type ping and space then host name or IP address of destination systems.
- First Blog is active and live because getting reply with TTL.
- Total packet sent =4 & Received =4
- No Packet Loss.
- The Destination Systems IP is not reachable mean system is not reachable.
- packet sent =4
- received =4
- Loss=0 % . Mean total loss.
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